A Survey of Software Techniques for Using Non-Volatile Memories for Storage and Main Memory Systems

TitleA Survey of Software Techniques for Using Non-Volatile Memories for Storage and Main Memory Systems
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMittal, Sparsh, and Vetter Jeffrey S.
JournalIEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems (TPDS)
Volume27
Issue5
Pagination1537-1550
Date Published05/2016
Keywordsclassification, flash memory, Non-volatile Memory, NVM, NVRAM, PCM, PCRAM, phase change RAM, ReRAM, resistive RAM, Review, RRAM, SCM, Solid State Drive, spin transfer torque RAM, SSD, storage class memory, STT-MRAM, STT-RAM
Abstract

Non-volatile memory (NVM) devices, such as Flash, phase change RAM, spin transfer torque RAM, and resistive RAM, offer several advantages and challenges when compared to conventional memory technologies, such as DRAM and magnetic hard disk drives (HDDs). In this paper, we present a survey of software techniques that have been proposed to exploit the advantages and mitigate the disadvantages of NVMs when used for designing memory systems, and, in particular, secondary storage (e.g., solid state drive) and main memory. We classify these software techniques along several dimensions to highlight their similarities and differences. Given that NVMs are growing in popularity, we believe that this survey will motivate further research in the field of software technology for NVMs.

URLhttps://goo.gl/wZnyCy
DOI10.1109/TPDS.2015.2442980